What is rehabilitation? | Meaning, process and goals

What is rehabilitation? | Meaning, process and goals


Rehabilitation is the course of helping a person achieves the highest level of function, independence, and quality of life possible. Rehabilitation does not reverse or undo the harm caused by disease or trauma, but rather helps restore the person to best possible health, performance, and well-being.

What is rehabilitation? | Meaning, process and goals
What is rehabilitation? | Meaning, process and goals

Goals of rehabilitation:

The overall goal of rehabilitation is to assist you to acquire your abilities back and regain independence. But the definite goals are different for each human being. They depend on what caused the difficulty, whether the cause is current or temporary, which abilities you lost, and how severe the difficulty is. As an example, A person who has had a stroke may want rehabilitation to be able to dress or bathe without help. An active person who has had a heart attack may go through cardiac rehabilitation to try to come back to exercising. Somebody with a lung disease may get pulmonary rehabilitation to be able to breathe improved and improve their quality of life:

Rehabilitation may be needed if the person has:

  • A stroke or spinal injury.
  • Injured.
  • Major surgery.
  • A heart attack.
  • An illness, including mental illness.
  • Reduce or stop their use of alcohol or drugs.
  • Spent a long time in hospital.

Fields covered in rehabilitation process may include:

Self-care skills:

Includes Feeding, grooming, bathing, dressing, toileting, and sexual function.

Physical care:

Includes Nutritional needs, medication, and skin care.

Family support:

Includes help with adapting to lifestyle changes, financial concerns, and discharge planning.

Psychological  therapy:

problems and solutions with issues of thinking, behavioral, and emotional.

Pain management:

Medications and another methods of managing pain .

Vocational training:

industrial skill.

Socialization skill:

Interacting with others at home and within the society .

Cognitive skill:

Memory, concentration, judgment, problem-solving, and organizational skill.

Communication skill:

Speech, writing, and alternative methods of communication.

Respiratory care:

breathing treatments and movements to promote lung function.

Mobility skill;

Walking, transfers, and self-propelling a wheelchair .


Patient and family education and training about the situation, medical care, and adaptive technique.

Place where will rehabilitation occurs:

A squad of doctors, nurses, social workers, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists will run the rehabilitation process. Rehabilitation may be needed for a small period – for example, after an operation –after a stroke. The length of time is decided by the squad. Rehabilitation can take place in:

  • Hospital.
  • An in-patient rehabilitation facility.
  • A long-term outpatient or day patient basis at a hospital.
  • A community rehabilitation center.
  • The person’s own home.

Depending on where the individual lives, you may have to help them get to rehabilitation sessions. Talk to their medical squad about whether there are any limits on them traveling (for example, whether their medical condition will permit them to fly or go on a long drive). The hospital may be able to help with patient journey and housing.

For Patients:

Rehabilitation is a very energetic process and patient involvement is important. Active participation in the rehabilitation sessions and ongoing communication with the health care squad members are important for a successful rehabilitation experience.

• Talk to your care manager about anything that could change the rehabilitation process.

• study the names of the therapy team and communicate with them regularly.

• reach your destination for therapies on time and give the best possible effort.

• Engage with the squad in preparation for discharge. Patients may be asked to recognize the main caregiver who is responsible for learning home care. Be aware that any family member or friend with whom you are comfortable can learn and contribute to your care.

We also write an article Types of rehabilitation. Don’t forget to read that. And Feel free to comment below.

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